Chapter

India and the International Physical Culture Movement

Mark Singleton

in Yoga Body

Published in print February 2010 | ISBN: 9780195395358
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199777303 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395358.003.0005
India and the International Physical Culture Movement

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Chapter 4 offers a brief account of modern nationalist physical culture. This provides the context for an examination of several of the most important forms of (Western) physical culture present in India during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. These forms were Scandinavian gymnastics on the model of Ling, the bodybuilding techniques and ethos of Sandow, and the various methods promoted by the Indian YMCA, headed by H. C. Buck. Each of these has had a profound effect on the shape of transnational yoga, both in terms of formal praxis and belief.

Keywords: modern postural yoga; modern yoga; āsana; physical culture; Indian nationalism; gymnastics; bodybuilding; YMCA

Chapter.  5187 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Religious Studies

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