Prediction: A Construal-Level Theory Perspective

Nira Liberman, Yaacov Trope and SoYon Rim

in Predictions in the Brain

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780195395518
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199897230 | DOI:
Prediction: A Construal-Level Theory Perspective

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This chapter argues that abstraction has evolved in the service of prediction. Construal-level theory (CLT) is used to examine how people bridge the past and the future by means of abstraction, or, in other words, how people make predictions by using abstract mental construals. In the framework of CLT, prediction, or bridging over time, is akin to mentally bridging over other psychological distances: understanding another person's perspective (bridging over social distance), constructing alternate worlds (bridging over hypotheticality), or understanding other places and taking a different spatial perspective (mentally bridging over spatial distance). The chapter first introduces CLT and then describes relevant research on prediction, also pointing, along the way, to open questions for further research. Finally, it examines the commonalities among predictions over different types of distance.

Keywords: abstraction; prediction; construal-level theory; abstract mental construals; bridging

Chapter.  9611 words. 

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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