Chapter

Cortical and Subcortical Predictive Dynamics and Learning during Perception, Cognition, Emotion, and Action

Stephen Grossberg

in Predictions in the Brain

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780195395518
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199897230 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0067
Cortical and Subcortical Predictive Dynamics and Learning during Perception, Cognition, Emotion, and Action

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Advanced brains have an extraordinary capacity to learn autonomously in real time from changing environmental conditions. Such learning includes both perceptual/cognitive and spatial/motor processes. Accumulating experimental and theoretical evidence shows that perceptual/cognitive and spatial/motor processes both need predictive mechanisms to control learning. Thus, there is an intimate connection between learning and predictive dynamics in the brain. However, neural models of these processes have proposed, and many experiments have supported, the hypothesis that perceptual/cognitive and spatial/motor processes use different types of predictive mechanisms to regulate the learning that they carry out. Because of their different types of matching and learning, perceptual and cognitive learning provide a self-stabilizing front end to control the more labile spatial and motor learning that enables changing bodies to effectively act upon recognized objects in the world. This chapter reviews and synthesizes data and models of these processes and outlines a unified theory of predictive brain processing.

Keywords: brain processing; perceptual learning; cognitive learning; predictions

Chapter.  12196 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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