Chapter

The Neurobiology of Memory-Based Predictions

Howard Eichenbaum and Norbert J. Fortin

in Predictions in the Brain

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780195395518
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199897230 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0097
The Neurobiology of Memory-Based Predictions

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There are two general areas of considerable research activity aimed at understanding how we consciously make predictions about future events, one of which seeks to identify the brain structures that underlie imagining the future in humans and the other on the evolution of predicting future events through studies on animals. This chapter considers how recent work conducted in this area offers an opportunity to bridge the research in humans and animals. Both lines of study have highlighted a strong connection between remembering the past and imagining the future. The research program discussed in this chapter has been aimed at understanding the neural circuitry that supports recalling past experiences. However, when viewed in light of these recent findings, this work can also help answer the following questions: Do animals have the capacities for recollection and prediction? and What are the fundamental information-processing functions of the hippocampus that support both remembering the past and imagining the future? The chapter first considers these questions with regard to recalling the past, then addresses predicting the future.

Keywords: predictions; future events; brain; memory; imagination; recall; past

Chapter.  6142 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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