Chapter

Prospective Decision Making in Animals: A Potential Role for Intertemporal Choice in the Study of Prospective Cognition

Lucy G. Cheke, James M. Thom and Nicola S. Clayton

in Predictions in the Brain

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780195395518
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199897230 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0116
Prospective Decision Making in Animals: A Potential Role for Intertemporal Choice in the Study of Prospective Cognition

Show Summary Details

Preview

This chapter reviews studies on intertemporal choice (ITC) in animals. It argues that intertemporal decisions between immediate and delayed rewards involve competition between affective and cognitive processes, but that when neither reward is immediate, the competition exists primarily between different types of outcome representation, or levels of construal. Thus, when faced with an ITC between two nonimmediate rewards, the behavioral outcome of this decision depends on the relative strength of various prospective representations. The relative contribution of episodic representations diminishes with the temporal distance of the event being represented, to be replaced by representations of the decontextualized “essence” of the event. In line with this view, the contribution of both episodic and non-episodic prospective cognition to the intertemporal decisions of nonhuman animals can be investigated by assessing preference across different nonimmediate time delays.

Keywords: animal studies; predictions; future-oriented behavior; intertemporal choice

Chapter.  11969 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.