Chapter

Developmental Cultural Ecology of Sleep

Carol M. Worthman

in Sleep and Development

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780195395754
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894468 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395754.003.0008
Developmental Cultural Ecology of Sleep

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Commencing with a consideration of adaptive-evolutionary constraints that have shaped the place of sleep in human development, this chapter outlines a bioecocultural model that provides a framework for integration of culture into the study of human development. This model inspired a study of the comparative developmental ecology of sleep that is then summarized in terms of initial insights into cultural patterns and variation in the physical ecology of sleep, and the recognition of sleep as a form of social behavior. The suggestive findings from this cross-cultural survey are followed by results from an empirical investigation of the role of culture in shaping sleep across the life course in a specific society, namely Egypt. Study results showed that cultural factors powerfully structure sleep, accounting for much of the variance in sleep across the life course. This example engages a number of issues regarding the impact of culture change and globalization (schooling, media, family and residential patterns, nutrition) on sleep schedules and consequently on functioning and health. The emerging global literature on these topics is briefly surveyed. A concluding section deploys psychological anthropology to consider the role of cultural models in how sleep is conceptualized and how such models inform behavior and perception, with particular regard to parental behavior.

Keywords: sleep; human development; developmental ecology; Egypt; cultural models

Chapter.  9489 words. 

Subjects: Developmental Psychology

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