Mitigating Murals and Loyalist Cultural Innovation

Lee A. Smithey

in Unionists, Loyalists, and Conflict Transformation in Northern Ireland

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780195395877
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199914470 | DOI:

Series: Studies in Strategic Peacebuilding

Mitigating Murals and Loyalist Cultural Innovation

Show Summary Details


Murals in Northern Ireland provide a useful public practice through which to observe incremental adjustments in the expression and configuration of ethnopolitical identity. The growth of mural redesign projects in loyalist communities has produced a shifting symbolic landscape. A thematic analysis of over 200 loyalist murals in Belfast reveals that violent paramilitary images and symbols are being replaced by historical, local, and a wide range of other themes. Similarly, Eleventh Night bonfires are being downsized. While contentious aspects of such displays are mitigated, the content of shared collective identities is reconfigured even as the displays retain their basic functions of performing identity and maintaining ontological security. A less-violent landscape is expected to help improve community relations by lowering levels of intimidation felt by neighbors at interfaces, and survey data indicate a confluence of changing mural themes and public perceptions of murals.

Keywords: bonfires; community relations; ethnic identity; loyalism; mitigation; murals; Northern Ireland; ritual; symbols

Chapter.  14190 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Religious Studies

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.