Chapter

Strategic Peacebuilding: Concepts and Challenges

Peter Wallensteen

in Strategies of Peace

Published in print February 2010 | ISBN: 9780195395914
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199776801 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395914.003.0002

Series: Studies in Strategic Peacebuilding

Strategic Peacebuilding: Concepts and Challenges

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Wallensteen argues that further defining and specifying key concepts in peacebuilding will result in increased consistency and contribute to the development of policy-relevant strategies for peace. He suggests that any analysis of peacebuilding efforts should employ a typology of conflicts that distinguishes between interstate war, internal conflict, and new state formation. It should also consider that the state is central to many wars, so it is essential to distinguish among the specific aims or ambitions of post-conflict peacebuilding: limited forms of state-building, democracy-building, security-building, nation-building, and market-building. A review of current research on sustainable peace processes highlights the importance of four factors: how the previous war ended; whether the causes of the war have been addressed; the impact of international actors on local state-building, including the timing of democratization; and the extent to which the regional context is conducive to peacebuilding.

Keywords: conflict typology; peacebuilding; post-conflict reconstruction; sustainable peace processes; state-building; internal conflict; peace research; human security; democracy-building

Chapter.  10198 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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