Chapter

Michael I. Posner

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography

Seventh edition

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780195396133
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199918409 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0013
Michael I. Posner

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Posner’s early work involved the measurement of mental operations by use of reaction time and other chronometric measures. In 1979 he began studies of patients to link mental operations to brain areas in the study of attention. To test hypotheses arising from this work he developed with Marcus Raichle studies imaging the human brain during cognitive tasks He has worked on the anatomy, circuitry, development and genetics of three attentional networks underlying maintaining alertness, orienting to sensory events and voluntary control of thoughts and ideas. His methods for measuring these networks have been applied to a wide range of neurological, psychiatric and developmental disorders and to normal development and school performance. At the time of this volume his research involves a longitudinal study of children prior to school designed to understand the interaction of specific experience and genes in shaping attention and self- regulation and studies of methods for training attention networks and changing the brain state in ways that might also alter attention.

Keywords: attentional networks; attention state training; attention training; cognitive science; genetic alleles; localization; mental operations; neuroimaging prototypes; serial and parallel operations

Chapter.  9498 words. 

Subjects: Neuroscience

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