Chapter

Philosophy, Religion, and Science in Western Antiquity

Michael Horace Barnes

in Stages of Thought

Published in print August 2009 | ISBN: 9780195396270
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199852482 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396270.003.0007
Philosophy, Religion, and Science in Western Antiquity

Show Summary Details

Preview

This chapter shifts the focus to developments in Western culture. In European-centered culture, science eventually developed a late formal operational style of thought. This development is unusual enough to require special attention in a study of the history of scientific and religious thought from Hellenistic to modern European times. For most of those centuries, classical thought maintained its prestige. The Comtean theory holds that the human race began to achieve its intellectual maturity when it developed empirical or “positive” science. Epicurus's “clear vision” supposes that when one's mind is struck by an idea strongly and clearly, that idea must be similar to a sensory impression. Meanwhile, Christianity's belief in miracles, and its relative disinterest in physics and the more rigorous standards of rationality, are part of the general decay of cognitive standards of the time.

Keywords: intelligible universe; materialism; skepticism; classical rationality; Comtean theory; Epicurus; Christianity

Chapter.  9559 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.