Chapter

Early Modern Models of Reality in Science and Religion

Michael Horace Barnes

in Stages of Thought

Published in print August 2009 | ISBN: 9780195396270
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199852482 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396270.003.0009
Early Modern Models of Reality in Science and Religion

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Modem science has gradually produced a new model of the universe and how that universe operates, at model partly at odds with traditional Western religious belief, though it has contributed to some religious thought. This chapter reviews major competing models of reality that have emerged over the last few centuries to see how the current scientific model emerged and whether either religious or antireligious motives helped determine which model would win out. The dominant scientific model of the universe is naturalistic. It is not necessarily a Godless universe, as multiple 20th-century theologies attest. But in those theologies, the mode of divine presence and activity, as well as the basis for the belief in God, appear inadequate on the grounds that a naturalistic universe is not a religious one.

Keywords: hermetic philosophy; mechanical philosophy; deism; Charles Darwin; naturalistic universe

Chapter.  10929 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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