Chapter

The Method of Modern Empirical Science

Michael Horace Barnes

in Stages of Thought

Published in print August 2009 | ISBN: 9780195396270
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199852482 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396270.003.0010
The Method of Modern Empirical Science

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This chapter describes and defends the method of modem science in preparation for religious responses to science. It begins with a general description of late formal operational thought and with the claim that modem science is a major locale for such thought. A quick look at some critics of science sharpens the issue of the method of science. It describes that method in seven steps, which includes unitary naturalism and universalism, also elements of classical science. This leads to a defense of the validity of the method of science, especially in the face of postmodern interpretations. It also engages in a lengthy philosophical analysis of the possibility of some important degree of objectivity and universality to certain truth-claims.

Keywords: scientific method; modern science; formal operational thought; universal truth; unitary naturalism; universalism; social constructivism

Chapter.  11901 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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