Chapter

Bretons in Conquest of a Former Colony: French Catholic Missionaries in Haiti, 1860–1915

Philippe Delisle

in In God’s Empire

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780195396447
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199979318 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396447.003.0003
Bretons in Conquest of a Former Colony: French Catholic Missionaries in Haiti, 1860–1915

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Revolution in France and Saint-Domingue, coupled with the creation of an independent Haiti in 1804, put in jeopardy the work that Catholic missionaries had done over the course of the eighteenth century. This chapter explores how French missionaries reorganized their hierarchy and reasserted their place within Haitian society over the course of the nineteenth century. In particular, it considers how French missionaries, primarily from Brittany, evangelized in late nineteenth-century Haiti, often facing great tension and conflict with civil authorities, as well as practitioners of Voodoo.

Keywords: Saint-Domingue; Haiti; Brittany; Voodoo; church-state conflict

Chapter.  8191 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Religion

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