Chapter

Muslim Princes, Female Missionaries, and Trans-Mediterranean Migrations: The Soeurs de Saint-Joseph de l’Apparition in Tunisia, c. 1840–1881

Julia Clancy-Smith

in In God’s Empire

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780195396447
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199979318 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396447.003.0005
Muslim Princes, Female Missionaries, and Trans-Mediterranean Migrations: The Soeurs de Saint-Joseph de l’Apparition in Tunisia, c. 1840–1881

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This chapter explores the history of the Soeurs de Saint Joseph de l’Apparition by situating the congregation within the larger context of nineteenth-century imperialism and transnational migrations in Tunisia and the Mediterranean more generally. A variety of factors—from war to shifting labor markets—shaped the missionary sisters’ methods. Focusing on teaching and medical work both intersected with the needs of trans-Mediterranean migration and won the patronage of the Husaynid Dynasty (reigned 1705–1956). The order’s founder and her sisters ceaselessly importuned court officials for assistance in finding suitable residences, which, in a city such as Tunis, then experiencing massive immigration and thus housing shortages, was key to permanent settlement.

Keywords: Tunisia; Tunis; war; labor markets; housing; missionary sisters; migration

Chapter.  8552 words. 

Subjects: History of Religion

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