Chapter

The Life and Death of Jesus Christ from the Perspective of the Cross

Arnfríður Guðmundsdóttir

in Meeting God on the Cross

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780195397963
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199827206 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195397963.003.0003

Series: An American Academy of Religion Book

The Life and Death of Jesus Christ from the Perspective of the Cross

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This chapter provides a survey of Christological doctrines, giving special attention to the question of God’s participation in Christ’s sufferings and death. It starts with Paul’s understanding of the “message about the cross,” which is generally taken to be the foundation for all future theology of the cross. It then turns to the development of the Christological doctrines that led to the agreement reached at Chalcedon in 451. The questions raised during this time regarding the widely accepted understanding of God’s impassibility and the true humanity of Jesus Christ were vital for the development of the “truly human, truly divine” formulation affirmed in the Chalcedonian definition. Moving to a consideration of Luther, the chapter shows how important his controversy with Zwingli was to the forming of his theological position. The 19th century directed much attention to Jesus Christ, undertaking a significant reevaluation of the widely accepted Christological doctrines. The doctrine of divine impassibility also became the target of criticism initiated by a significant number of theologians and biblical scholars. After an exploration of the 19th-century background to the 20th-century revival of trinitarian theology and the theology of the cross, the chapter focuses on Jürgen Moltmann’s Christological proposal.

Keywords: God; Paul; Christological doctrines; Luther; Zwingli

Chapter.  26269 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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