Chapter

Silencing the Self and Personality Vulnerabilities Associated with Depression

Avi Besser, Gordon L. Flett and Paul L. Hewitt

in Silencing the Self Across Cultures

Published in print March 2010 | ISBN: 9780195398090
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199776900 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398090.003.0014
Silencing the Self and Personality Vulnerabilities Associated with Depression

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This chapter explores the associations between personality factors, depression, and self-silencing. The authors contend that there are many reasons why individuals engage in self-silencing and these reasons reflect personality vulnerability factors associated with depression that are also associated with self-silencing. They present evidence that self-silencing combines with these personality factors, either as mediators or as moderators, to increase the risk for depression in certain individuals. Through an examination of particular personality variables, namely dependency, self-criticism, and perfectionism, the authors demonstrate that people with vulnerable personalities who also engage in self-silencing may suffer from chronic and destructive forms of stress that can be damaging to health and well-being.

Keywords: depression; self-silencing; perfectionism; personality; self-criticism; dependency; silencing the self scale

Chapter.  11265 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social Psychology

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