Chapter

Sociopolitical, Gender, and Cultural Factors in the Conceptualization and Treatment of Depression among Haitian Women

Guerda Nicolas, Bridget Hirsch and Clelia Beltrame

in Silencing the Self Across Cultures

Published in print March 2010 | ISBN: 9780195398090
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199776900 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398090.003.0015
Sociopolitical, Gender, and Cultural Factors in the Conceptualization and Treatment of Depression among Haitian Women

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This chapter describes various social factors in the lives of Haitian women that intersect with the experience of depression. It presents an overview of socio-political influences on the health and well-being of Haitian women, as well as an examination of various health-related beliefs and practices that shape the ways in which their physical and emotional problems are understood. The chapter traces the history of Haitian culture with a particular emphasis on the roles of women in social and political movements. Gender emerges as a complex and evolving variable in the lives of Haitians, especially within the context of women's participation in grassroots organizations and the movement toward democratization. Besides tracing the history and impact of social movements in Haiti, the chapter also uses the Multicultural Competency Model to demonstrate the association between culture and depression for Haitian women.

Keywords: haitian women; depression; multicultural competency model; grassroots movements; cultural healing rituals

Chapter.  8003 words. 

Subjects: Social Psychology

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