Chapter

The Rise of Nonsectarianism

Steven K. Green

in The Second Disestablishment

Published in print March 2010 | ISBN: 9780195399677
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199777150 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399677.003.0008
The Rise of Nonsectarianism

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This chapter is the first of two to discuss the legal issues surrounding the rise and development of nonsectarian public schooling in America. The controversy, called the “school question,” had two interrelated issues: Protestant religious exercises (including Bible reading) and the funding of Catholic parochial schools. The chapter examines the origins and later modifications of nonsectarianism (led by Horace Mann), early Protestant-Catholic conflicts over Bible reading and funding (including the impact of nativism), and several early legal cases involving funding and Bible reading. The chapter ends with a discussion of the most important Bible reading case of the century, which arose in Cincinnati and concluded with the Ohio Supreme Court banning the religious exercises.

Keywords: common schools; public schools; nonsectarianism; school question; Bible reading; school funding; parochial; Protestant; Catholic; Horace Mann; nativism; Cincinnati

Chapter.  16570 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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