Surplus Manpower, Surplus Population

Gerard Daniel Cohen

in In War's Wake

Published in print November 2011 | ISBN: 9780195399684
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199918423 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in International History

Surplus Manpower, Surplus Population

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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The chapter shows how the DP experience crucially shaped the system of international migration after the Second World War. Supervised by the IRO between 1947 and 1951, the “resettlement” of displaced persons around the world was an unprecedented instance of planned population redistribution. Mass emigration to Israel or New World countries was not simply the final act of a long humanitarian drama; worries about “surplus population” and a desire to disseminate “freedom loving” Europeans in order to countenance the global spread of communism added demographic and ideological urgency to the departure of refugees from the continent.

Keywords: labor migration; Jewish refugees; International Refugee Organization; M-Project; 1948 DP Act; surplus population; population control

Chapter.  11024 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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