Chapter

The Moderate Era in Indian Politics

B. R. Nanda

in The Moderate Era in Indian Politics

Published in print April 1984 | ISBN: 9780195616187
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081370 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195616187.003.0001
The Moderate Era in Indian Politics

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The Moderate Era in Indian politics covered the last two decades of the nineteenth century and the first two decades of the twentieth century. The Moderate leaders are now often forgotten or remembered as soft-headed and weak-kneed men, who were naive enough to practise the politics of protest, petition, and prayer, and to beg for petty concessions from the British instead of claiming swaraj as their birthright. The lecture argues that this should not be the case, considering Gokhale as one of the ablest leaders of that time. It also notes that the Moderate Era witnessed continual political and social change. The crucial problem of nationalist politics posed in the observations of Dadabhai Naoroji and Winston Churchill was how to bring in the masses without creating anarchy in the subcontinent. Only Gandhi, with his unique qualities of leadership and the method of Satyagraha, had at least a plausible answer.

Keywords: Moderate Era; India; swaraj; British rule; political change; Gokhale; Gandhi; Dadabhai Naoroji; Winston Churchill; Satyagraha

Chapter.  10553 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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