Chapter

Disunity and Loss of Freedom

Peter Heehs

in India's Freedom Struggle 1857-1947

Published in print August 1991 | ISBN: 9780195627985
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080670 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195627985.003.0002

Series: Oxford India Paperbacks

Disunity and Loss of Freedom

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The first section of this chapter discusses the decline of the Mughal empire. The second section describes the coming of the Europeans. The third section describes England’s conquest of India. The last section discusses the reasons for India’s defeat. Before the death of Aurangzeb, the Mughal empire occupied most of the subcontinent of India. When Aurangzeb died, this unifying symbol was removed. A series of wars of succession broke out. In the midst of this general disorder, India became prey to foreign aggressors. Between 1740 and 1760, European wars in which France and England were opponents brought them into conflict in India as well. When the fighting and diplomatic manoeuvring were over, the French had virtually been driven from the country. In the process, the British gained a territorial foothold in Bengal from which they would stride victoriously across India.

Keywords: Mughal empire; Europeans; India; England; Aurangzeb; European wars; France; Bengal

Chapter.  2882 words. 

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