Chapter

British Rule and Indian Revolt

Peter Heehs

in India's Freedom Struggle 1857-1947

Published in print August 1991 | ISBN: 9780195627985
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080670 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195627985.003.0003

Series: Oxford India Paperbacks

British Rule and Indian Revolt

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The first section of this chapter describes the administration of India under the East India Company. The second section discusses the economic ruination of India. The third section considers changes in various policies. The fourth section examines the Great Revolt of 1857. The British were much to blame for the condition of the country. The wrecking of the prosperity of Bengal and most of the wars were initiated or provoked by them. But the weakness of the Indian people was also a factor in the deterioration of their homeland. The English had used Indian soldiers to conquer India. By 1857, these sepoys (infantry) and sowars (cavalry) not only shared in the general discontent of the people, but also had specific grievances of their own. The Great Revolt of 1857 was the first large-scale uprising against British rule in India. It failed because the rebel leaders could not work together.

Keywords: East India Company; economic ruination; sepoys; Revolt of 1857; British rule; Bengal; rebel leaders; sowars

Chapter.  3530 words. 

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