Chapter

The Birth of Modern India

Peter Heehs

in India's Freedom Struggle 1857-1947

Published in print August 1991 | ISBN: 9780195627985
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080670 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195627985.003.0004

Series: Oxford India Paperbacks

The Birth of Modern India

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The first section of this chapter discusses the rise of a new leadership. The second section describes the rediscovery of India’s past. The third section describes Raja Rammohan Roy. The fourth section discusses the Young Bengal movement and the Brahmo Samaj. The fifth section describes the significance of social reform. The sixth section examines the cultural awakening of India. The seventh section describes reform and religious revival after the Great Revolt. The last section offers an evaluation of the Indian Renaissance. The tension that emerged between Hindu and Muslim was one of the principal shortcomings of the Indian Renaissance. Another was its exclusiveness. The cultural awakening was confined to the new English-educated elite. It also encouraged a habit of looking backward, to the heroic days of old India, rather than forward. Despite these drawbacks, the Indian Renaissance played an essential role in the creation of the Indian nation.

Keywords: India; Indian Renaissance; Brahmo Samaj; Young Bengal; Raja Rammohan Roy; cultural awakening; religious revival; English-educated elite; social reform

Chapter.  3529 words. 

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