Chapter

The New Spirit 1900–1909

Peter Heehs

in India's Freedom Struggle 1857-1947

Published in print August 1991 | ISBN: 9780195627985
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080670 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195627985.003.0006

Series: Oxford India Paperbacks

The New Spirit 1900–1909

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The first section of this chapter describes the partition of Bengal. The second considers the Swadeshi movement. The third section describes extremists and moderates. The fourth section looks into revolutionary activities. The fifth section examines the government repression. The sixth section discusses the Morley-Minto reforms. The last section considers Muslim separatism. Throughout 1905 and 1906, the Swadeshi spirit spread. Physically, it moved from Bengal to Maharashtra, Madras and other provinces. More importantly, it forced its way into the mainstream of Indian politics. It was at this time that signs of cleavage began to grow evident in the Congress. The government was quick to take steps against the extremists and revolutionaries. Restrictions were imposed on newspapers and public meetings.

Keywords: partition of Bengal; Swadeshi movement; extremists; moderates; revolutionary activities; government repression; Morley-Minto reforms; Muslim separatism

Chapter.  3997 words. 

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