Decade of Transition 1910–1919

Peter Heehs

in India's Freedom Struggle 1857-1947

Published in print August 1991 | ISBN: 9780195627985
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080670 | DOI:

Series: Oxford India Paperbacks

Decade of Transition 1910–1919

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The first section of this chapter discusses India and the First World War. The second section considers the Home Rule Movement. The third section examines the Montagu-Chelmsford Report. The fourth section considers repression to match reform. The sixth section discusses Mahatma Gandhi. The seventh section discusses the anti-Rowlatt Satyagraha and the Amritsar massacre. The last section considers the Khilafat Movement. Even before the Defence of India Act was passed, popular agitation against the Rowlatt Bills had begun. This developed into a nationwide campaign that soon outgrew its original concern with ‘lawless laws’ that were never actually enforced, and lifted Indian nationalism to a higher level. The leader of this movement that changed Indian and world history was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, renowned already as the Mahatma.

Keywords: Home Rule Movement; Montagu-Chelmsford Report; Mahatma Gandhi; anti-Rowlatt Satyagraha; Amritsar massacre; Khilafat Movement; Indian nationalism

Chapter.  3469 words. 

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