Start of the Gandhian Era 1920–1928

Peter Heehs

in India's Freedom Struggle 1857-1947

Published in print August 1991 | ISBN: 9780195627985
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080670 | DOI:

Series: Oxford India Paperbacks

Start of the Gandhian Era 1920–1928

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This chapter discusses the Non-Co-operation Movement; the return of communalism; the Swaraj Party; other parties and movements; and the Simon Commission. In March 1920, Mahatma Gandhi issued a manifesto elaborating his doctrine of non-violent non-cooperation. This was the first public presentation of the technique of political action that dominated the Indian scene for the next few years, and fundamentally altered the course of the struggle for freedom. India’s communists were dedicated to the removal of social inequalities, and to the curbing of the power of the monied classes. But they never lost sight of India’s primary need — the attainment of independence. The immediate task of the communists in India is not to preach communism but to organize the national revolution; the role of the communist party of India is to be the heart and soul of the revolutionary nationalist party.

Keywords: Non-Co-operation Movement; communalism; Swaraj Party; Simon Commission; Mahatma Gandhi; communism; communist party; independence

Chapter.  3542 words. 

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