Chapter

Divided Freedom 1945–1947

Peter Heehs

in India's Freedom Struggle 1857-1947

Published in print August 1991 | ISBN: 9780195627985
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080670 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195627985.003.0013

Series: Oxford India Paperbacks

Divided Freedom 1945–1947

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This chapter starts with a description of the changed situation in 1945–6; the INA trial and the revolt of the naval ratings; the Cabinet Mission; the ‘Direct Action’ Day; the interim government and the Constituent Assembly; Lord Mountbatten; the June 3rd Plan; the problem of the states; and the granting of the Indian independence. The Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946 was the first British proposal that directly admitted the possibility of independence. This possibility became a reality before two years were over. Few could have believed in 1945 that freedom, so long sought, would come so swiftly. The June 3rd Plan was given legal effect by the Indian Independence Act. The Bill was introduced in the British Parliament on 4 July 1947. It was passed quickly and without amendment. The Act created two independent dominions. India had won her freedom, but the price had been partition.

Keywords: INA trial; Cabinet Mission; Direct Action Day; Constituent Assembly; Lord Mountbatten; Indian Independence Act; June 3rd Plan; partition

Chapter.  3962 words. 

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