Chapter

Gandhi and the Raj

B. R. Nanda

in Gandhi and his Critics

Published in print January 1994 | ISBN: 9780195633634
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081332 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195633634.003.0009

Series: Oxford India Paperbacks

Gandhi and the Raj

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Both British statesmen and Indian leaders claimed that India would have a hard time achieving self-government. However, Mahatma Gandhi proved them all wrong. After spending twenty years in South Africa, Gandhi returned to India early in 1915 and became a leading figure in Indian politics for the next three decades. His fight against British imperialism culminated in the liberation of India in 1947. Gandhi called for swaraj (self-government) and rejected constitutional reforms doled out in instalments by the British, who deemed the demand unrealistic. In February 1922, Gandhi spearheaded a campaign of mass civil disobedience. Gandhi’s method befuddled the British. If the upsurge of nationalism in India had been violent, the problem would have been relatively simple. The liberation of India from Britain in 1947 was a turning point towards the end of imperialism in Asia and Africa.

Keywords: nationalism; politics; self-government; British imperialism; swaraj; civil disobedience

Chapter.  5843 words. 

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