Chapter

Gandhi and the Partition of India

B. R. Nanda

in Gandhi and his Critics

Published in print January 1994 | ISBN: 9780195633634
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081332 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195633634.003.0011

Series: Oxford India Paperbacks

Gandhi and the Partition of India

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According to John Vincent, Mahatma Gandhi was responsible for the ‘shedding of innocent blood during the massacres’, which occurred in the aftermath of the Partition of India in 1947. Historians have been trying to identify the genesis of the movement for Pakistan, whether Gandhi could have done anything to prevent the Partition of India, and the factors that led to the massacres and the mass migration of the minorities in 1947. The conflict between Hindus and Muslims, which culminated in the division of the subcontinent in 1947, was in existence long before Gandhi emerged as a leading figure in Indian politics. In 1919-1920, Hindu-Muslim unity reached its peak when the Khilafat movement became an integral part of Gandhi’s campaign of non-cooperation with the government. Gandhi was not in favor of the two-nation theory and the division of India.

Keywords: Pakistan; Hindus; massacres; Partition of India; Khilafat movement; two-nation theory

Chapter.  8170 words. 

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