Chapter

Emergence of the Educated Élite

B. R. Nanda

in Gokhale

Published in print June 1999 | ISBN: 9780195647518
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081400 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195647518.003.0003

Series: Oxford India Paperbacks

Emergence of the Educated Élite

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This chapter begins with a discussion of British efforts to replace Hindu theology with western learning, and the diversion of the annual Dakshina festival into scholarships for students of schools and colleges set up on the western model. These efforts were initiated by Mountstuart Elphinstone, the Commissioner of the Deccan and, later, the Governor of Bombay. It describes the careers of Sardar Gopal Hari Deshmukh (1823–1883) and Vishvanath Narayan Mandlik (1833–1889), both of whom were products of the new western education. The discussion then turns to the difficult path of the educated élite, lying, as it did, between the Scylla of popular opposition and the Charybdis of official distrust. This is illustrated by the career of Mahadev Govind Ranade (1842–1901), the most mature, the most prescient, and probably the most influential Maharashtrian of his time.

Keywords: education; Hindu theology; western learning; Dakshina; Mountstuart Elphinstone; Sardar Gopal Hari Deshmukh; Vishvanath Narayan Mandlik; Mahadev Govind Ranade

Chapter.  5052 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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