Chapter

Origins of Muslim Separatism

B. R. Nanda

in Gokhale

Published in print June 1999 | ISBN: 9780195647518
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081400 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195647518.003.0028

Series: Oxford India Paperbacks

Origins of Muslim Separatism

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This chapter focuses on the Muslim opposition to the Indian National Congress. Muslim separatism was represented by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and other Muslim leaders. Sir Syed ridiculed the idea that a man of ‘low caste or insignificant origin’, who had taken a university degree and had the necessary ability, should have a seat in a legislative council. He was also afraid that political agitation would lead to turmoil and Muslims would incur the wrath of their British rulers. His innate conservatism, his isolation from the progressive political thought of the day, and his conviction of the backwardness of his own community led him to lean increasingly on British support. He was not alone in propounding this parochial philosophy—other influential Muslim leaders in Bengal rejected the proferred hand of Surendranath Banerjea, and decided to organize educated Muslims on a separate platform.

Keywords: Muslim separatism; Indian National Congress; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan; Indian nationalism; political agitation; Surendranath Banerjea

Chapter.  7104 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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