Chapter

Gokhale and the Communal Problem

B. R. Nanda

in Gokhale

Published in print June 1999 | ISBN: 9780195647518
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081400 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195647518.003.0029

Series: Oxford India Paperbacks

Gokhale and the Communal Problem

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This chapter focuses on the Hindu–Muslim problem and Gokhale’s relationship with Muslim politicians. After the initial confrontation between Sir Syed Ahmed and the founding fathers of the Congress, the educated section of the two communities learnt to move in their own separate grooves. Their paths did not particularly cross until after the partition of Bengal. The partition may not have been deliberately conceived by Curzon to play-off the two communities against each other, but after the launch of the massive agitation for the reversal of the partition, high British officials, especially in the newly created province of East Bengal and Assam, increasingly sought Muslim support to offset a political pressure which was predominantly Hindu. The partition of Bengal also accelerated the polarization within the Congress.

Keywords: Gopal Krishna Gokhale; Hindu–Muslim problem; Sir Syed Ahmed; Muslim politicians; Curzon; partition of Bengal; Congress

Chapter.  2971 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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