Chapter

The Paradigm

S. K. Das

in Public Office, Private Interest

Published in print March 2001 | ISBN: 9780195653823
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081561 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195653823.003.0002
The Paradigm

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This chapter looks at the conditions which led to the rationalization of the patronage bureaucracies, and the creation of modern merit-based civil service systems. The process of rationalization of public bureaucracies in the nineteenth century was meant to replace patronage with merit as the basis for selection on the assumption that the pursuit of private interest by bureaucrats would be eliminated. In other words, the ‘publicness’ of public bureaucracies was sought to be achieved. The merit-based system put in place four sources of motivation—meritocracy, rewards, control systems, and organizational identification—which were supposed to help separate the civil servant from the pursuit of his private interest. This chapter also provides commentaries on Max Weber's definitional model of bureaucracy and his efficiency claim.

Keywords: patronage; public bureaucracies; merit-based civil service; private interest; meritocracy; rewards; control systems; organizational identification; Max Weber's bureaucracy; efficiency claim

Chapter.  10646 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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