Chapter

Hindu–Brahmo Relations (1870–1905): An Enquiry into Some Aspects of Community Identities in Late Nineteenth Century Bengal

Amiya P. Sen

in Hindu Revivalism in Bengal c.1872-1905

Published in print February 2001 | ISBN: 9780195655391
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080625 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195655391.003.0002
Hindu–Brahmo Relations (1870–1905): An Enquiry into Some Aspects of Community Identities in Late Nineteenth Century Bengal

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This chapter argues against the notion that the growth of Hindu revivalism in Bengal has to be understood essentially against the backdrop of a crisis-ridden Brahmo Samaj. It also contends that it is a mistake to suppose that by the first two decades of the twentieth century, the Brahmo Samaj had completely succumbed to the successive inroads made into its credibility by the forces of Hindu reaction or to the pressure of changing social and political realities. It explains that weaning away of well-known Brahmo figures was often the result of a long process of systematic and deliberate Hinduization. It also discusses the role of the Brahmo Marriage Bill controversy in reframing community identities. The Bill also touched deeper issues on the Brahmo community life developing over last forty years. Many older values and traditions and values came to be redefined and requestioned due to autonomous developments within Brahmoism.

Keywords: Brahmo Samaj; Hindu reaction; Hinduization; Brahmo Marriage Bill controversy; Brahmoism

Chapter.  23670 words. 

Subjects: Hinduism

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