Chapter

Hindu Revivalism at the Crossroads—Reaction and Reappraisal in the New Bengali Press and Literature (c. 1872–1894)

Amiya P. Sen

in Hindu Revivalism in Bengal c.1872-1905

Published in print February 2001 | ISBN: 9780195655391
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080625 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195655391.003.0003
Hindu Revivalism at the Crossroads—Reaction and Reappraisal in the New Bengali Press and Literature (c. 1872–1894)

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This chapter examines Hindu revivalism during the period from 1872 to 1894 by analyzing new Bengali press and literature. In the early 1870s, notwithstanding the trauma of the Brahmo Marriage Bill controversy, the dominant intellectual mood in Bengal was still characterized by a fairly liberal and cosmopolitan outlook. During this period several orthodox periodicals were launched which are identifiable with the neo-Hindu movement. This chapter reviews the life and work of several Bengali writers including Bhudeb Mukhopadhyay, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Nabin Chandra Sen, and Akshay Chandra Sarkar. One of the major contributions of these figures lies in their successfully delinking Bengali prose and poetry from chaste Sanskrit. This chapter also reveals that the social values with which Bengali literature and press came to be identified were unquestionably more reactionary.

Keywords: Bengali press; Bengali literature; Brahmo Marriage Bill controversy; orthodox periodicals; neo-Hindu movement; Bhudeb Mukhopadhyay; Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay; Nabin Chandra Sen; Akshay Chandra Sarkar

Chapter.  53529 words. 

Subjects: Hinduism

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