Making and Preserving a Nation

Granville Austin

in Working a Democratic Constitution

Published in print July 2003 | ISBN: 9780195656107
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080397 | DOI:
Making and Preserving a Nation

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India was not, and its peoples were not, one at the republic's beginning, which made the leaders anxious and focused their minds on achieving unity. President Radhakrishnan warned the country that petty considerations, factions, and caste disputes raised ‘doubts about the stability of a united, democratic India’. The leaders' anxieties can be argued to be overdrawn. The compartmentalization of society impeded national integration, but did not endanger the country's unity and integrity, and the forces for unity operating in the country were stronger and more numerous than the forces against unity. This chapter looks at the uses of the Indian Constitution's provisions that deal with centre-state relations in the service of national unity and integrity. It discusses the Constitution's part in fostering unity. The last section describes the machinery for unity, the Constitution's centre-state relations provisions.

Keywords: national unity; Indian Constitution; national integration; state relations; President Radhakrishnan; compartmentalization

Chapter.  12819 words. 

Subjects: Constitutional and Administrative Law

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