Chapter

Closing the Circle

Granville Austin

in Working a Democratic Constitution

Published in print July 2003 | ISBN: 9780195656107
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080397 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195656107.003.0016
Closing the Circle

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After the declaration of the Emergency, months passed before long-term plans were completed. But the short-run need was clear to the Prime Minister and her associates: to protect her position and her Emergency proclamation from judicial challenge. The two goals overlapped as did the actions serving each. Closing a circle around Mrs Gandhi meant destroying representative government for the benefit of one official. Protecting her 1971 election to Parliament, the most pressing need, takes the discussion back to the origins of the challenge to her. This chapter takes up the denouement of the Indira Gandhi Election case and her government's enactments and constitutional amendments to preserve her position as the Prime Minister.

Keywords: Emergency; Prime Minister; Indira Gandhi; representative government; constitutional amendments; India; 1971 election

Chapter.  6197 words. 

Subjects: Constitutional and Administrative Law

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