Chapter

The End of a Dream

B. R. Nanda

in Gandhi

Published in print February 2002 | ISBN: 9780195658279
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081394 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.003.0019
The End of a Dream

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This chapter looks at the events that led to the collapse of the Khilafat movement. The first event was the cessation of mass civil disobedience by Gandhi, and the second was the stopping of the non-cooperation movement after Gandhi’s arrest. However, the most brutal blow to the Khilafat movement was the elimination of the Caliphate in Turkey. This was followed by a number of drastic steps taken by the Kemalist regime in order to hasten the process of westernization and secularization of Turkey. It shows that this event shocked the Indian Muslims and caused disquiet in India, and that it led to the realization that the issue of the Caliphate was actually a question of power politics, not of Islamic doctrine.

Keywords: non-cooperation movement; Khilafat movement; mass civil disobedience; elimination of the Caliphate; Kemalist regime; westernization and secularization of Turkey; power politics; Islamic doctrine

Chapter.  3636 words. 

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