Arvind Sharma

in Classical Hindu Thought

Published in print July 2001 | ISBN: 9780195658712
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199082018 | DOI:

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This chapter discusses the concept of the jīva. The jīva or the living being is explained in two ways in standard Hindu thought: either as possessing three bodies or as possessing five sheaths. According to the doctrine of the three bodies, a human being possesses: (1) a physical body, (2) a subtle body, and (3) a causal body. According to the other model, we can visualize our personality as consisting of layers or sheaths rather than bodies. These two modes of analyzing the human personality are not at odds with each other; in fact, they dovetail. The physical body corresponds to the food-sheath; the subtle body and the causal body to the bliss-sheath.

Keywords: living being; Hindu thought; Hinduism; physical bodies; food-sheath; causal body; subtle body; bliss-sheath; personality

Chapter.  1316 words. 

Subjects: Hinduism

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