Chapter

Āśrama

Arvind Sharma

in Classical Hindu Thought

Published in print July 2001 | ISBN: 9780195658712
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199082018 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658712.003.0020
Āśrama

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The standard view on the doctrine of āsramas may be identified with its presentation in the Manusmrti: As stated in Manu IV. 1 the first part of man's life is brahmacarya in which he learns at his teacher's house and, after he has finished his study, in the second part of his life he marries and becomes an house-holder, discharges his debts to his ancestors by begetting sons, and to the gods by performing yajñas (Manu v. 169). When he sees that his head has grey hair and that there are wrinkles on his body, he resorts to the forest i.e. becomes a vānaprastha (Manu VI. 1-2). After spending the third part of his life in the forest for some time, he spends the rest of his life as a samnyāsin (Manu VI. 33). However, this is not the only view encountered in Hindu thinking on the subject. Some other potentially significant views are noted.

Keywords: Manusmrti; life; brahmacarya; yajñas; forest life; vānaprastha

Chapter.  2031 words. 

Subjects: Hinduism

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