Arvind Sharma

in Classical Hindu Thought

Published in print July 2001 | ISBN: 9780195658712
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199082018 | DOI:

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The word purusārtha in general means human endeavour; but, in the present context, it means the goals or ends sought through human endeavour. Classical Hindu thought essentially identifies four such goals: (1) dharma—righteous living or discharge of duties; (2) artha—acquisition of wealth; (3) kama—gratification of desires; and (4) moksha—attainment of spiritual liberation. This chapter discusses the gradual acceptance all the four purusārtha as the legitimate ends of human endeavour.

Keywords: classical Hindu thought; Hinduism; dharma; artha; kama; moksha

Chapter.  1554 words. 

Subjects: Hinduism

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