Book

The Charisma of Direct Action

Julia M. Eckert

Published in print March 2003 | ISBN: 9780195660449
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199082001 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195660449.001.0001
The Charisma of Direct Action

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This book explores how movements that are explicitly anti-pluralist in nature still manage to succeed electorally within a democratic framework which they themselves reject. The book studies the ideologies and practices of the successful but minor affiliate of the Hindu nationalist movement: the Shiv Sena, a party which has dominated the political scene in Maharashtra—especially in its capital city Mumbai—for several years, and has been characterized by its culture of direct—often violent—action, its militant images, and its autocratic leader, Bal Thackeray. The author explores the internal dynamics of the party, its local mode of operation, and its strategies of mobilization within a democratic set up. It also examines the movement’s dilemma between norm-breaking and norm-setting as well as its role within the Hindu nationalist agenda of which it has become the most vociferous propagator. While studying the movement’s need for creating opportunities for action, the role of militant enemy images, and the integration of diverse interests and motivations in the politics of struggle, the author also analyzes the deliberate and repeated creation of space for such anti-pluralist violent movements within democratic environments.

Keywords: direct action; Shiv Sena; Bal Thackeray; mobilization strategies; militant images; Hindu nationalist agenda; Maharashtra; Mumbai; democracy; anti-pluralist movements

Book.  0 pages. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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Table of Contents

Introduction in The Charisma of Direct Action

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The Shakha and its Neighbourhood in The Charisma of Direct Action

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Making Popular Culture in The Charisma of Direct Action

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Militant Enmity in The Charisma of Direct Action

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Violence as Method and Ideology in The Charisma of Direct Action

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Shifting Limits in The Charisma of Direct Action

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Dismantling the ‘Congress System’ in The Charisma of Direct Action

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Shivshahi in Limbo in The Charisma of Direct Action

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