Scriptural Adaptation in The Adi Granth

Pashaura Singh

in The Guru Granth Sahib

Published in print October 2003 | ISBN: 9780195663341
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080694 | DOI:
Scriptural Adaptation in The Adi Granth

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This chapter examines the place of the hymns of non-Sikh bhagats in the Adi Granth, focusing on the doctrinal issues arising from the inclusion of the bhagat bani in the Sikh scripture. It also looks at deletions of certain hymns of bhagat bani from the scripture. The chapter shows that Guru Amar Das was primarily responsible for the introduction of the bhagat bani in the Sikh scriptural tradition, apparently to enlarge the base of the early Sikh community by stressing social equality. Some of the bhagat material was edited out through the process of selection and deletion. The hymns of the bhagats from the saguna school, which place emphasis upon worship through image and myth, were least acceptable to Guru Arjan.

Keywords: Guru Arjan; bhagats; bhagat bani; hymns; Guru Amar Das; saguna school; Sikh scriptural tradition; Sikh community

Chapter.  11295 words. 

Subjects: Sikhism

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