Chapter

The Crisis of the Congress Party

B. R. Nanda

in In Gandhi’s Footsteps

Published in print November 2002 | ISBN: 9780195663433
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081424 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195663433.003.0018
The Crisis of the Congress Party

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This chapter discusses the crisis the Congress Party faced during the 1930s. It first looks at Gandhi’s decision to retire from politics in 1934, which greatly affected the Indian National Congress. However, this was saved by a political revival that led to the emergence of a vocal parliamentary wing in Congress. It then examines the 1936 crisis, which placed the Congress Party on the verge of a split. This was caused by the differences between Jawaharlal Nehru and most of his peers within the Congress Working Committee. It reveals that Jamnalal’s close associations with Gandhi and Nehru eventually led to resolving the crisis. The next section studies the friendship between Nehru and Jamnalal through diary entries and letters. Finally, the chapter discusses the crisis that occurred in Jamnalal’s home province.

Keywords: Congress Party; Gandhi’s retirement; political revival; parliamentary wing; Congress Party; Gandhi; Nehru

Chapter.  7338 words. 

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