Chapter

Introduction

Ashok Kapur

in Pokhran and Beyond

Published in print September 2003 | ISBN: 9780195667547
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081790 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195667547.003.0001
Introduction

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This chapter introduces the dynamic and ever-changing relationship between Indian society, state, and science in a conflict-prone regional and international security environment. It focuses on the prehistory and history of the country's nuclear decisions and the 1998 nuclear tests. It discusses how the 1998 tests would change the pattern of relationships and power distribution in India, the Asia-Pacific, and the international sphere. It lists the reasons why the 1998 tests were conducted, one of which was to ensure that the armed forces of India could prevent a nuclear conflict. The discussion then turns to the effects of the Indian nuclear tests in view of the country's response to universal changes since the 1970s. The rest of the chapter identifies the various arguments that are made and discussed in this book.

Keywords: nuclear decisions; 1998 nuclear tests; pattern of relationships; international environment; power distribution; Indian armed forces; nuclear conflict; Indian society; state

Chapter.  6609 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Indian Politics

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