Chapter

Early History (1930s–1947) and the Structure of Nuclear Science, State, and Society

Ashok Kapur

in Pokhran and Beyond

Published in print September 2003 | ISBN: 9780195667547
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081790 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195667547.003.0002
Early History (1930s–1947) and the Structure of Nuclear Science, State, and Society

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This chapter looks at the origins and development of the different features of Indian nuclear behaviour. It presents a summary of the approach and mental outlook of Indian scientific and political elites with regards to the role of science in the country's development. It then examines the early history—or prehistory—of Indian science policy and identifies the connections between state, scientists, and society. It also considers the patterns of state-scientists interaction, namely the ‘deadly quarrels’, ‘happy convergence’, and ‘ritualistic confrontations’. It studies the science strategy and political aims of the scientists and politicians, and the structural factors that led to the interactions between scientists and politicians. The chapter also considers the status of Indian science during and after J.L. Nehru's term.

Keywords: nuclear behaviour; prehistory; Indian science policy; state-scientists interaction; patterns; science strategy; political aims; structural factors; J.L. Nehru's term

Chapter.  9434 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Indian Politics

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