Chapter

The Shastri-Gandhi Years, 1964–74: The Internal Dynamics

Ashok Kapur

in Pokhran and Beyond

Published in print September 2003 | ISBN: 9780195667547
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081790 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195667547.003.0006
The Shastri-Gandhi Years, 1964–74: The Internal Dynamics

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This chapter focuses on the pattern of Indian leadership behaviour on the issues of Indian nuclear testing and the question of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). It provides an assessment of the pattern and structure of internal dynamics from 1964 to 1974. It reveals that the internal dynamics during this period were very significant because of the increased tension and interplay between internal and external compulsions in Indian nuclear decision-making. It identifies the five main nuclear decisions that were made during this time, and shows how domestic and international tendencies influenced Indian nuclear decision-making during the Shastri-Gandhi years. Next, it looks at the variables and constants that were involved in Shastri-Indira Gandhi nuclear decision-making, the role of bureaucratic politics, and the players and influences in the nuclear debate. The discussion concludes with a section on the role of civil servants and politicized scientists, and the Rajasthan Atomic Power Project I (RAPP I), Rajasthan Atomic Power Project II (RAPP II), and the NPT.

Keywords: leadership behaviour; nuclear testing; internal dynamics; nuclear decision-making; bureaucratic politics; nuclear debate; variables and constants; Non-Proliferation Treaty; Rajasthan Atomic Power Project

Chapter.  16398 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Indian Politics

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