Chapter

Incentives for Organized Social Service

Carey Anthony Watt

in Serving the Nation

Published in print December 2005 | ISBN: 9780195668025
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081905 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195668025.003.0002
Incentives for Organized Social Service

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This chapter tries to answer the question why new social service organizations came to be formed in the 1910s and 20s. It investigates the social context in which the evolution of ideas and practices of service and philanthropy occurred. It covers influential world events from the 1890s to the 1910s: the globalization of philanthropy and social service; the transnational emergence of associational cultures and organizational societies; a worldwide interest in citizenship; and widespread anxieties about race and ‘national efficiency’. Besides becoming more aware of dynamic changes sweeping the world in the area of philanthropic activity, the increase in philanthropic associations coincided with the growing Indian understanding of the emptiness of British rhetoric about equality within the empire. New wealth among the Hindus and fears of a population decline among them (because of famine, plague and conversion) were other catalysts in the expansion of an associational culture. The latter was also supported by other ideologies prevalent in colonial north India in the 1910s.

Keywords: Indian philanthropy; Indian social service; responsible citizenship; colonial north India; philanthropy: social context

Chapter.  16579 words. 

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