From <i>Dana</i> to Associational Philanthropy

Carey Anthony Watt

in Serving the Nation

Published in print December 2005 | ISBN: 9780195668025
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081905 | DOI:
From Dana to Associational Philanthropy

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This chapter concentrates on the debates regarding the need to reform existing practices of charity and philanthropy, or the giving of gifts in India. The chapters charts the transformation of individual acts of charity among Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs to newer, more efficient and organized forms of giving to benefit bigger, trans-regional communities. It describes how the ‘traditional’ ideas behind dana and practices of charity (largely based on Hindu religious concepts of caste and the support of Brahmin ascetics) were re-assessed. The author provides an analysis of new techniques of mass fundraising and the shift from traditional forms of giving to organized social service. The Benares Hindu University Campaign (1911) is described. The role of newspapers (The Leader) and magazines in the fundraising process is highlighted. It also describes the growth of the South African Relief Fund (1910s) as also the growth of the Arya Samaj in general. The role of women in fundraising is also highlighted.

Keywords: Hindu charity; mass fundraising; The Leader; dana; Benares Hindu University Campaign; South African Relief Fund; Kanya Mahavidyalaya

Chapter.  14226 words. 

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