Carey Anthony Watt

in Serving the Nation

Published in print December 2005 | ISBN: 9780195668025
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081905 | DOI:

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This chapter explores how education was used to train both the mind and body to promote active participation in society, a belief common to Indian and Western understandings of the connection between a citizen’s physical health and service to society The leaders of the subcontinent’s social service organizations were keen that healthy Indians became active, patriotic, and efficient citizens. The chapter focuses on the educational interventions of the Arya Samaj, the Kanya Mahavidyalaya, the Theosophical Society, The Servants of India Society, The Kangri Gurukul, among others. Students were also encouraged to reject colonial employment in favour of social service. The observation of brahmacharya was encouraged amongst male students. The chapter also describes the physical capabilities of Professor Ramamurti Naidu, the athletics instructor of Central Hindu College. The influence of Baden-Powell’s Scouting for Boys (1908) is discussed as is also the threat posed by the growing number of Boy Scout movements to British power.

Keywords: Arya Samaj; Kanya Mahavidyalaya; Indian wrestling; Baden-Powell’s Scouting for Boys; Ramamurti Naidu; Indian educational interventions; gurukul; Boy Scouts; Indian social service organizations

Chapter.  18678 words. 

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